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Volcan Lanin - Neuquen

Stunning snow-capped volcano that names the National Park

Rio Azul - Lago Puelo

In the wonderful landscape of the Patagonia beauty has a name

Patagonia Mountains and Valley

Woods, lakes and mountains with almost untouched nature

Perito Moreno Glaciar - El Calafate

The Glaciers and the End of the World

  • Patagonia Argentina
  • Located in:
  • Argentina
Short History

The Patagonian territory is a geographical unit that includes the territories of Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego.

Beyond the legal rules that determine its boundaries, Patagonia had a spatial link with common problems. In the first decades of the twentieth century, the new units acquired, little by little, a different personality. The early inhabitants were the Tehuelches, among whom there are two groups: northern and southern. Who were divided into sub-groups: northern Gününa kena and southern Aonikenk, were the most important. The word "tehuelche" is of Mapuche origin and means "brave people".

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They lived by hunting guanaco and ostrich, as well as the hare and general wildlife. The instruments were used to hunt were the bow and arrow. Fully took advantage of the animal, its meat and skin concocted clothing and tents in which they lived. They were nomads, they traveled in groups that did not exceed 100 people, under the leadership of a chief.

The white men introduced cattle and horses, which caused changes in their culture. They began to consume the meat of these animals, learned to ride and handle with skill the horse. Scrolling through the territory became easier and allowed them to move further north. The skin of a horse and ostrich feathers were bartered.

The Mapuches, "people of the earth", from the South of Chile, were called Araucanians by the target. These groups enter our Patagonian territory attracted, in principle, by the fauna of the region and then by cattle and horses, which roamed wild in the territory of southern Argentina. The Mapuche were established in the Neuquen and south of La Pampa. Dominated the tehuelches, who incorporated aspects of "araucana" culture as gardening, weaving and orferería, thus moving from nomadism to sedentary.

Currently the group of tehuelche origin is very small, while the Mapuche are one of the most numerous indigenous groups in the country. They inhabit much of the Patagonian region and develop a variety of tasks, the main as pawns or guardians of fields. The less they own smallholdings of little productive value, and most live in urban centers, unskilled jobs and, in general, with unsatisfied basic needs.

Until the stage of territorial organization, the most important historical events have regional value, ie, occurred in Patagonia. Thus, tehuelches with their idiosyncrasies; Hernando de Magallanes, who discovered in Patagonia in 1520; Simon de Alcazaba and Sotomayor, the first historical ruler who founded the province of Nueva Leon, on March 9, 1535; Father Nicolas Mascardi who along with one group of Catholic missionaries entered patagonia from Chile and and made evangelists trips until 1673; settlers from Spain attempts that sent Juan de la Piedra and Francisco de Viedma, founders of establishments in Carmen de Patagones, in Golfo San José, Puerto Deseado and Puerto San Julián but without real success; and finally the Welsh settlement in 1865. All these milestones occurred in Patagonia.


Explore - Argentina - Patagonia to the Pampas (1 of 4)

In this BBC Travel Documentary, Simon Reeve leads a team of presenters on a journey through the spectacular landscapes of Argentina, from the vast ice fields of Patagonia to the wide-open plains of the pampas.

Patagonia Argentina

La Patagonia, también llamada región patagónica, es una de las regiones geográficas de la Argentina, que comprende la parte de la Patagonia que abarca este país. La misma reúne un conjunto de provincias y aspectos naturales únicos en el mundo. La región también es llamada simplemente sur y es la más grande de todas en Argentina.

Video del Canal YouTube de Turismo El Bolsón (Oficina de turismo Municipal)

Perito Moreno: explorer and developer

Francisco Pascasio Moreno (May 31, 1852 – November 22, 1919) was a prominent explorer and academic in Argentina, where he is usually referred to as Perito Moreno (perito means "specialist, expert"). Perito Moreno has been credited as one of the most influential figures in the Argentine incorporation of large parts of Patagonia and its subsequent development.

Moreno was born to Francisco and Juana Thwaites Madero in Buenos Aires. Raised in a traditional patrician family, he studied in local parochial schools. He shared his spare time with his father searching for artifacts and fossils, and at age 14, created a homemade museum of his extensive collections.

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Following graduation in 1872, he participated in the founding of the Argentine Scientific Society. He embarked on the first of the series of scientific expeditions that made him well known: a survey of Río Negro Territory, largely uncharted territory which had recently been made accessible by Argentina's Conquest of the Desert campaign in Patagonia. (Historically, it has been considered extremely controversial.) In January 1876, he reached Lake Nahuel-Huapi in the southern Andes, and on February 14, 1877, discovered Lake San Martín. He also explored numerous rivers in Patagonia. On March 2, he discovered and named Mount Fitz Roy, after the commander of the expedition of the HMS Beagle in the 1830s. The native people also called other mountains Chalten.'

In 1882–1883 Moreno explored the Andes from Bolivia southward, and in 1884–1885 he made new explorations of the territory south of the Río Negro and of Patagonia. He was appointed as chief of the Argentine exploring commission of the southern territories, and member of numerous European scientific societies. For his contributions to science, Moreno received a doctorate Honoris causa from the National University of Córdoba in 1877.

He is also known for his role in defending Argentine interests. He made defining surveys that led to the Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina. These surveys and others yielded Moreno a vast collection of archaeological and anthropological data and artifacts, for which he founded an anthropological museum in Buenos Aires in 1877.

In 1888, he founded the La Plata Museum of Natural History, the most important of its kind in South America.

In 1902 Moreno was appointed Perito (a technical specialist or expert), in which capacity he disproved Chilean claims to the continental divide in the Southern Cone. Moreno proved that many Patagonian lakes draining to the Pacific Ocean were part of the Atlantic Ocean basin. During the quaternary glaciations, they had become dammed by moraines, which changed their outlets to drain to the west and Chilean territory.

In 1903, Moreno donated some of the land previously given to him in order to establish the Nahuel Huapi National Park.